Role of Internet of Things (IoT) in building Smart City

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Smart City Prediction for 2020: By 2020, Use of a single city wide digital platform to unify all operations, data aggregation/analytics, and actions across agencies will become popular. This will pull data from all city sensors, cameras, end points, databases, etc. and then aggregate that data into a single source, all in real-time. This data will then be pushed back out for immediate use by city leaders, agencies, businesses (including design firms), universities and even citizens to take immediate actions that result in better outcomes for all.

The world’s large cities will pose our greatest challenge—and greatest opportunity—in the next century. Today there are 21 “megacities” with more than 10 million people, and more than 1 million people move to cities every day. By 2050, 70 percent of the world’s population will call a major city home. But today, cities waste an estimated $39 billion in water, gas and energy resources. As demands on resources and infrastructure grow, how will cities provide energy, water, transportation and other critical services for so many people? Smart cities start with a smart public infrastructure to deliver clean water, dependable power, safe gas, and efficient public lighting. And as they free up resources by intelligently delivering essential services, they are able to invest in other services to improve quality of life. In smart cities, many different stakeholders must work together to provide the best technology solutions. Network operators, managed service providers, system integrators and technology providers all have a role to play in working with governments to enable smart city solutions.

The explosive growth of Smart City and Internet of Things applications creates many scientific and engineering challenges that call for ingenious research efforts from both academia and industry, especially for the development of efficient, scalable, and reliable Smart City based on IoT. Smart City is the product of accelerated development of the new generation information technology and knowledge-based economy, based on the network combination of the Internet, telecommunications network, broadcast network, wireless broadband network and other sensors networks where Internet of Things technology (IoT) as its core. The Internet of Things is about installing sensors (RFID, IR, GPS, laser scanners, etc.) for everything, and connecting them to the internet through specific protocols for information exchange and communications, in order to achieve intelligent recognition, location, tracking, monitoring and management.

List of IoT Applications for Smart City:

Rapid urbanization has mandated the need for smart city solutions. Experts’ worldwide point out that smart cities will be the future enablers in accelerating economic growth and improving the quality of citizens’ lifestyle.

1. Smart Parking:

Major cities around the world are incorporating sensors and devices that count the number of cars in a lot, notify for open spaces and even notify users when their parking time has expired. Our recently unveiled Car Parking Occupancy Detection and Management solution uses field mounted Wi-Fi-based cameras, and is a robust, reliable and cost-effective end-to-end solution.

2. Waste Management using IoT:

The amount of trash is globally increasing at a very high rate. Cities will be forced to become smarter by integrating automation solutions that manage this increase in waste. This is being done by efforts such as smart trash sorting, truck optimization and even underground pipes collecting household garbage.

3. Smart Utilities:

Utilities are changing dramatically to both deal with new energy sources and improve the relationship with their customers.  The introduction of smart grids, smart meters and new ways of generating and transporting energy are being driven by the IoT. Smart water and electricity monitoring can help save money by giving people more control over their home utilities, while efficient refuse management will help to keep cities cleaner.

4. Smart Healthcare:

The dense population of cities stresses the provision of healthcare services and can speed up the spread of disease.  The IoT can improve the monitoring of the health of a city’s population whilst giving emergency services new tools to improve their response times to emergencies. The device, primarily will be used to monitor different vital signs of human body and transmit all medical data in real time to the doctor’s remote destination. Read More about IoT Applications in Healthcare.

5. Smart Building:

The Internet of Things is also changing building management throughout cities by introducing smart building devices and solutions. Office building managers can save money and provide better service to tenants by incorporating systems like remote monitoring, smart landscaping, IoT physical security and appliance maintenance. According to recent research, buildings consume 70% of the world’s electricity, resulting in enormous waste due to generation distribution, construction, design and operational efficiencies.

6. Smart Surveillance:

New services such as remotely connected CCTV and automated incident detection allow a quicker response to threats. IoT led crowd management solutions help protect city inhabitants in busy, crowded areas. IoT physical security can include intelligent monitoring, tampering alerts, perimeter protection, facial recognition and automobile tracking.

7. Smart Cities Transport:

The growth and success of IoT-based applications has introduced us to new bike sharing scheme, where people can share access to better bikes. Moreover, users can easily share transport. The widespread adoption of electric cars will be instrumental in widely adopting the city center car.

8. Environmental Detection:

Environmental change is affecting cities and their inhabitants more regularly. This brings new challenges for city planners, such as the need to improve air and water quality, and control noise pollution to create a healthy and enjoyable environment for city inhabitants

9. Information Beacons:

This technology is assisting towards converting city assets to location-aware information portals. Consumers can easily receive real time transport information or special offers from local businesses, owing to some of the new services which are emerging.

10. Smart Social Housing:

The IoT-based systems that exists today make it possible to introduce low cost monitoring to social housing. This in turn helps in providing utmost satisfaction to the tenants, whilst reducing the associated costs for landlords.

11. Smart Cities Commerce

Smart cities enable local businesses to thrive and citizens to be engaged by them in innovative new ways, increasing both economic outcomes and citizen satisfaction. Business zones can be managed appropriately by the city, with deliveries and other services coordinated with the businesses using them.

12. Smart Roads using IoT:

Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams. Smart roads , also known as smart highways , is a term used to describe roads that use sensors and IoT technology which makes driving safer and greener. Smart cities and self-driven cars of the near future would not be ‘smart’ enough without smart roads.

13. Smart Lighting using IoT:

Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights. Smart Lighting is about intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street, commercial and factory lighting. The smart lighting market is primarily driven by the growing demand for energy efficient lighting system in order to reduce energy consumption cost. Development of sensor and wireless technology enable improved energy efficiency, process monitoring remote control, and worker safety and satisfaction. IoT solutions enable partially or fully autonomous lighting control based on daylight availability, time, facility activities, and other factors.

14. Structural health monitoing using IoT:

Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments. Internet of things (IoT), is the network of smart sensors that combine sensing and wireless transmission of vital safety parameters of buildings and structures, to distant computing units which continuously do the processing and monitoring of these parameters.

15. Traffic Congestion monitoring using IoT:

Monitoring of vehicles and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes. Traffic congestion is one of the major issues with the public transportation system in recent time. The traffic congestion has a negative impact on the productivity, competitiveness and economic growth of a city. Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication based approaches cannot accurately estimate the density of traffic congestion. On the other hand, the traffic signaling systems having predetermined fixed operation time cannot manage the traffic volume changing over time and thus, long traffic queues are generated at the road crossings. Internet of Things (IoT) based intelligent traffic congestion control system that dynamically sets the signal operation time based on the measured values of traffic congestion density can help in traffic congestion avoidance.

16. Noise Urban Maps using IoT:

Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time.

17. Smartphone Detection:

Detect iPhone and Android devices and in general any device which works with WiFi or Bluetooth interfaces.

18. Eletromagnetic Field Levels monitoring using IoT:

Measurement of the energy radiated by cell stations and and WiFi routers. Despite the increasing presence of wireless communications in everyday life, there exist some voices raising concerns about their adverse effects. One particularly relevant example is the potential impact of the electromagnetic field they induce on the population’s health. Traditionally, very specialized methods and devices (dosimetry) have been used to assess the strength of the E-field, with the main objective of checking whether it respects the corresponding regulations.

Conclusion:

It’s easy to see that cities can benefit tremendously from technological advances that utilize the Internet of Things. It’s also easy to see that as cities continue to grow and more devices get added to the infrastructure, the amount of data will be voluminous. In order to manage these demands, and to fully utilize the new technology, cities will need information management systems. The data alone will benefit nobody without a seamless system to analyze and aggregate the vast amount of information. An efficient messaging system will help cities take advantage of the new technology, and improve city life for residents and businesses while reducing costs for everyone involved.

Read Also: List of 75 IoT Applications from all domains.

MeenaG Staff

Internet of Things Enthusiast

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